Middle East Studies

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The Threat of Ballistic Missiles in the Middle East

Active Defense and Counter-Measures

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The potential threat from primitive, inexpensive ballistic missiles, especially when armed with means of mass destruction, represents a major development in the arms race. The accelerated escalation in the number, range, and load-carrying capabilities of the missiles in the last decade has occurred because the technologies required to manufacture a missile of the Scud type and its derivatives are simple, cheap, and readily available. In contrast, interception requires technologies found only at the forefront of twenty-first century military science. This disparity, favoring the aggressor, forms a tremendous temptation for Arab states in the Middle East – such as Egypt, Libya, Syria and Iran – to build up stocks of missiles.

The Threat of Ballistic Missiles in the Middle East addresses the complex issue of defense against ballistic missiles by intercepting them at various stages of their trajectory: during launching – such as the Boost Phase Interception (BPI) project being developed by RAFAEL; in the middle of their trajectory, outside the atmosphere – such as the THAAD project of the US Army and the AEGIS project of the US Navy; or in the final stage, when the missile is approaching the target – such as the Israeli Arrow project.

This volume poses both technical and conceptual questions regarding the issue of missile-to-missile interception, in contrast to the doctrines of second-strike retaliatory capability and pre-emptive strike. The specific threats posed by ballistic missles to the State of Israel are examined, albeit the security constraints involved in the discussion of many issues which must remain shrouded in secrecy. The 16 research articles, written by leading experts in Israel, the US, and Britain, represent the first serious inquiry to address the specifics of the urgent ballistic missile proliferation and threat in the Middle East.

Published in association with The Ariel Center for Policy Research

Hardback ISBN: 978-1-84519-001-9
Hardback Price: £55.00 / $67.50
Release Date: September 2004
Page Extent / Format: 312 pp. / 246 x 171 mm
Illustrated: No



Part I Defense
1 Defense Against Ballistic Missiles
Uzi Landau
2 No Room for Error in a Minuscule Country: The Case for Enhanced Anti-Theater Ballistic Missile Defence (TBM)
Yoash Tsiddon-Chatto
3 The Arrow System—Concept and Data
4 The Missile Threat Against Israel: Boost Phase Intercept Tactical Ballistic Missiles
Azriel Lorber
5 Missiles, Defense and Israel
Angelo M. Codevilla
6 The Chemical and Biological Threat to Israel
Dany Shoham
7 The Failure of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) in the Middle East
Gerald Steinberg
8 The Boost Phase Intercept (BPI) as an Alternative
Reuven Pedatzur
9 The Operative Response to the Tactical Ballistic Missile (TBM) Threat
Haim Assa
10 Systems Perspective: The Dangers of Fragmented Thinking
Yehezkel Dror
11 The Israeli Aspect of Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD)—Strategy by Default
Arieh Stav

Part II Interception
12 Boost Phase Intercept of Ballistic Missiles
Dan Rosen
13 Boost Phase Interception of Ballistic Missiles
Moshe Guelman
14 Israeli Boost Phase Intercept System (IBIS)—A Critique
Danny Leshem
15 The AEGIS Option: How to Provide Near-Term, Cost Effective Missile Defense to both Israel and America
Frank J. Gaffney, Jr.
16 The Airborne Laser (ABL): The American View of BPI
Geoffrey E. Forden
17 Developing Boost Phase Intercept (BPI)–Ascent Phase Intercept (API) Capability
David Vaughan
18 European Perspectives on Missile Defense
David Gates

Appendix Ballistic Missiles, Long-Range Artillery Rockets and Space Launch Vehicles

The Contributors

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