Latin American Studies

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The Collective and the Public in Latin America

Cultural Identities and Political Order

Luis Roniger is Reynolds Professor of Latin American Studies at Wake Forest University. A comparative political sociologist, his work focuses on the interface between politics, society and public culture. Among his books are Patrons, Clients and Friends; The Politics of Exile in Latin America; and Transnational Politics in Central America.

Tamar Herzog is Monroe Gutman Professor of Latin American Affairs and Professor of Spanish and Portuguese History at Harvard University. Among her books are Upholding Justice: State, Law and the Penal System in Quito; Defining Nations: Immigrants and Citizens in Early Modern Spain and Spanish America; Ritos de control, prácticas de negociación and Mediación, archivos y ejercicio: los escribanos de Quito (siglo XVII–XVIII).

This book traces the interplay between the public structuring and regulation of identities and the creative processes of collective identification, appropriation and evasion of identities. It deals with the ways in which individuals and social groups have developed and enacted identities as cultural resources with different degrees of public recognition and political legitimation, and how these identities have had an impact in defining the boundaries of social order and diversity.

Hardback ISBN: 978-1-902210-13-1
Hardback Price: £45.00 / $65.00
Release Date: March 2000
Paperback ISBN: 978-1-84519-625-7
Paperback Price: £25.00 / $34.95
Release Date: March 2014
Page Extent / Format: 272 pp. / 229 x 152 mm
Illustrated: No


Preface and Acknowledgments

1 Introduction: Creating, Negotiating and Evading Identity in Latin America
Luis Roniger and Tamar Herzog

Part I Space, Order and Identity

2Space, Order and Group Identities in a Spanish Colonial Town: Puebla de los Angeles María Elena Martínez

3Territorial Hierarchies and Collective Identities in Late Colonial and Early Independent Quito
Federica Morelli

4 The Legal System as a Touchstone of Identity in Colonial New Mexico
Charles Cutter

5 The Implosion of the Spanish Empire: Emerging Statehood and Collective Identities
François-Xavier Guerra

6 The Past in the Present. The Social Construction of Miskitu Ethnic Identity in Sandinista Nicaragua
Claudia García

Part II Networks, Groups and Identity

7 Private Organizations as Global Networks in Early Modern Spain and Spanish America
Tamar Herzog

8 Networks, Coalitions and Unstable Relationships: Buenos Aires on the Eve of Independence
Zacarias Moutoukia

9 Party and Nation-State in the Construction of Collective Identities: Uruguay in the Nineteenth Century
Tulio Halperin Donghi

10 Bullfighting Fiestas, Clientelism and Political Identities in Northern Colombia
Cristina Escobar

11 Politico-Cultural Models and Collective Action Strategies: The Pobladores of Chile and Ecuador
Ton SalmanPart III Discourse, Practice and Identity

12 The Rey Común: Indigenous Political Discourse in Eighteenth-Century Alto Perú
S. Elizabeth Penry

13 Passion and Banality in Mexican History: The Presidential Persona
Claudio Lomnitz

14 The Teenek Indian and the Public Indian: Indians and Public Spheres in Twentieth-Century Northeast Mexico
Anath Ariel de Vidas

15 Ambivalence Acknowledged: Jewish Identities and Language Strategies in Contemporary Mexico
Adina Cimet

16 The Chilean Jaguar as a Symbol of a New Collective Identity? Between Neo-Liberalism and Limited Democracy
Mario Sznajder

17 Conclusions: Collective Identities and Public Spheres in Latin America
Tamar Herzog and Luis Roniger

List of Contributors

Micro-social and macro-structural aspects are wound together in a very wide analytical and comparative framework in an unprecedented way. Constitutes a very important contribution both to historical and to sociological and anthropological studies of Latin America.
S. N. Eisenstadt, Professor Emeritus of Sociology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

A welcome addition to recent scholarship that seeks to expand the analytical boundaries of ‘the political’ and understands the interaction between the realms of politics and identity. The papers in this volume add yet more evidence to the contention that cultural understandings are complexly integrated, with categories built around ethinicity, class, nationality and so on – social markers that were once taken to be evident and transhistorical.
Hispanic American Historical Review

This volume is a sequel to Constructing Collective Identities and Shaping Public Spheres; Latin Americn Paths (Sussex Academic Press, 1998), and it springs from a series of meetings at the July 1997 Congress of Americanists in Quito, Ecuador. Seventeen essays presented by editors Roniger (sociology and anthropology, Hebrew U., Jerusalem) and Herzog (history, U. Chicago) explore the often explosive process of creating public identity throughout Latin America from the end of the colonial period to the present. Arrangement is in sections on space, order and identity; networks, groups and identity; and discourse, practice and identity. The contributors are historians, economists, political scientists, sociologists, and anthropologists.

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