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The Portuguese Revolution of 1974–1975

An unexpected path to democracy

Maria Inácia Rezola, PhD in Contemporary History, is Adjunct Professor of School of Communication and Media Studies (ESCS-Instituto Politécnico de Lisboa) and researcher of IHC-NOVA (Instituto de História Contemporânea). She has published widely on contemporary Portuguese history having co-edited an eight-volume dictionary on the Portuguese Revolution of 1974–1975. She has extensive research experience, has led research groups, and organized public exhibitions and conferences.

In the Series
The Portuguese-Speaking World: Its History, Politics and Culture

Portugal is close to celebrating the 50th anniversary of the Carnation Revolution. While this central moment in contemporary Portuguese history has long attracted international academic interest, there is a dearth of studies that explain the interrelationships between the main issues that singled out this revolutionary moment.

The aims and actions of the three main protagonists – the Armed Forces, the political parties and mass social organizations – are linked in myriad ways: the political role of the Armed Forces; the crisis of state authority; the political justice formulas adopted; the affirmation of civilian political elites; the role of workers and neighbourhood movements, and other forms of popular mobilization; participation of the media in the political struggle; and post the momentous days, the transition from coup d’état to revolution.

The dominant moments and themes of the Portuguese revolution are relayed by close examination of original archival documentation; oral and written primary sources; and government records. Was military disquiet at the heart of the move toward democracy? Or was the instigator the growing dissatisfaction of the populace with the political class? A prime aim of the book is to view the revolution not only in terms of Portugal's global position at the time, especially its historic colonialism, but what all players thought and expressed in the run-up to the 25th of April. Attention is paid to the immediate post-revolution period, and the national, political and military choices made as this unexpected path to democracy took hold.

Paperback ISBN: 978-1-78976-183-2
Paperback Price: £55 / $64.95
Release Date: March 2023
Page Extent / Format: 272 pp. 229 x 152 mm
Illustrated: No


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