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The Global History of Portugal

From Pre-History to the Modern World

Carlos Fiolhais is Full Professor of Physics at the University of Coimbra and Historian of Science.

José Eduardo Franco is Researcher-Coordinator and Full Professor at Universidade Aberta.

José Pedro Paiva is Full Professor of Early Modern History at the University of Coimbra.



In the Series
The Portuguese-Speaking World: Its History, Politics and Culture


For thousands of years Portugal has been the point of arrival and departure for peoples, cultures, languages, ideas, fashions, behaviours, beliefs, institutions and produce. While its miscegenation and global multimodal activity enriched the world in many ways, it also provoked violence, war, suffering and resistance. The Global History of Portugal contains 93 chapters grouped into five parts: Pre-history, Antiquity, Middle Ages, Early Modern period and Modern World. Each chapter begins with an event, interpreted in the light of global history. Each part opens with an introduction, offering a perspective of the period in question.

The three Editors, five Scientific Coordinators (João Luís Cardoso, Carlos Fabião, Bernardo Vasconcelos e Sousa, Cátia Antunes and António Costa Pinto) and ninety Contributors offer a critical and analytical synthesis of the history that originated in Portuguese territory or passed through it, stimulating the process of encounter and dis-encounter in today's global world. The history presented gives special attention to the world that moulded Portugal and the Portuguese, and to the ways Portugal configured the world. It seeks to identify and understand the transversal entanglements of historic impact and the impulses these gave to the construction of Portugal and the world. Contemporary reflection and academic scholarship on the global history of leading nations has stimulated a rethinking of the past and a more comprehensive recognition of legacy. Historians can no longer overlook the wider world with which their country of investigation has interacted. Portugal’s role in the dynamic circulation of peoples and ideas makes it global history not only unique by way of what took place but also in terms of a potential academic template for better understanding of how the past shapes the present, and more particularly the importance of acknowledging a country’s past historic mis-steps and how these are dealt with by contemporary populations.


Hardback ISBN: 978-1-78976-103-0
Hardback Price: £95/$125
Release Date: November 2021
   
Paperback ISBN: 978-1-78976-104-7
Paperback Price: £34.95/$44.95
Release Date: February 2022 
   
Page Extent / Format: 460 pp. 246 x 171 mm
Illustrated: No
   

e-Book



Acknowledgements      

 

General Introduction                                                                                          

Carlos Fiolhais, José Eduardo Franco and José Pedro Paiva

 

Part I Prehistory and Proto–history

 

Introduction to Part I – From Modern Humans to the Advent of Writing

João Luís Cardoso

 

240,000–10,000 BC – From Neanderthal Man to Homo sapiens              

João Cascalheira and Nuno Bicho

 

5500–4500 BC – The Spread of Farming and Domestication of Animals     

António Faustino Carvalho

 

2700–1800 BC – The Bell Beaker Question: Origin and Diffusion During the

Third Millennium BC                                                                            

João Luís Cardoso

 

2000–800 BC – Long–distance Trading in the Bronze Age                                                 

Raquel Vilaça

 

Ninth to Fifth Centuries BC – The Phoenicians in Portugal                                              

Ana Margarida Arruda

 

 

Part II Antiquity

 

Introduction to Part II – From the Roman Empire to Gothic Iberia                       

Carlos Fabião

 

218–19 BC – The Romans in the Iberian Peninsula: From Conquered Land to Imperial Province     

Carlos Fabião

 

155–139 BC – The Lusitanian Wars and the True Viriathus                                 

Amílcar Guerra

 

2nd Century BC to the Fourth Century AD – The Marketplace in the Roman Empire

Catarina Viegas

 

139 BC–14 AD – Aligning with the Empire: Language                                          

Amílcar Guerra

 

First Century BC – Where Does the World End?                                                  

Amílcar Guerra

 

First Century BC – The Emergence of Cities                                                        

Catarina Viegas

 

80 BC – The Impact of the Roman Civil Wars                                                      

Carlos Fabião

 

16–15 BC – Founding of the Roman Province of Lusitania                                   

Catarina Viegas

 

First Century BC to the Second Century AD: Environmental Threats                    

Catarina Viegas

 

17–23 – The Tides According to Strabo                                                  

Amílcar Guerra

 

First Century – Between Seas: A Historical and Geographical Constant                            

Carlos Fabião

             

Fourth Century – Administrative Reform of the Roman Empire              

Pedro C. Carvalho

 

409–411 – The Arrival of the Barbarians                                                

Pedro C. Carvalho

 

Second Half of the Fourth Century – A United Peninsula Under the Goths           

Carlos Fabião

 

 

Part III The Middle Ages

 

Introduction to Part III – From the Advent of Islam to the Conquest of Ceuta                                          

Bernardo Vasconcelos e Sousa

 

711 – Confrontation and Interaction: Islam in the Iberian Peninsula       

Hermenegildo Fernandes

 

844 – What Remained from the Time of the Vikings?                 

Hélio Pires

 

882 – Evolution of the Handwritten Text                                   

Maria José Azevedo Santos

 

1089 – From Romanesque to Gothic: Aesthetic Forms                           

José Custódio Vieira da Silva

 

1128 – Influences and External Relations in a County That Gave Birth to a Kingdom

Luís Carlos Amaral

 

1128 – Fighting in the Name of Faith: Military Orders in Portugal           

Luís Filipe Oliveira

 

1140 – Afonso Henriques, Portugalensium Rex, Son of Theresa of Léon

and Henry of Burgundy                                                                        

António Resende de Oliveira and Bernardo Vasconcelos e Sousa

 

1146 – Marrying for Love of the Crown                                                 

Manuela Santos Silva

 

1147 – Lisbon: From Conquest to Capital                                                           

Amélia Aguiar Andrade and Maria João Branco

 

1153 – A Religion Without Borders: Religious Orders                             

João Luís Inglês Fontes

 

1174 – The Language Spoken and Written by the Portuguese                             

António Manuel Ribeiro Rebelo

 

1196 – From Latin Literature to Portuguese Literature                            

António Resende de Oliveira

 

1231 – From Fernando Martins to Saint Anthony of Lisbon: A Saint for All the World

Eleonora Lombardo and José Francisco Meirinhos

 

1276 – Pope John XXI, Portuguese Clergyman and Universal Pastor                    

Armando Norte

 

1290 – A University that Would Develop a World Profile                          

Saul António Gomes

 

1293 – The Merchants' Guild: The Ports, the King and Portuguese Trade within European Networks        

Amândio J. M. Barros

 

1297 – The Treaty of Alcañices and Establishment of a Border with Neighbouring Threats                       

 J. A. de Sottomayor–Pizarro

 

1348 – The Black Death: The Near "Global" Plague                                            

Maria Helena da Cruz Coelho

 

1385 – Aljubarrota: An Ancestral Enemy, an Old Alliance and Reinforcement of the Country's Identity     

João Gouveia Monteiro

 

1415 – New Horizons: The Conquest of Ceuta and the Sea                                 

Luís Miguel Duarte

 

 

Part IV The Early Modern Period

 

Introduction to Part IV – Of Settlement and Slavery to Royal Exile                                               

Cátia Antunes

 

1425 – Madeira: Settlement, Sugar and Slaves                                      

Mariana P. Candido

 

1434 – Rounding Cape Bojador: New Horizons                                      

Amélia Polónia

 

1468 – The Guinea Monopoly: Pluricontinental Economic Development  

Susana Münch Miranda

 

1494 – The Treaty of Tordesillas: A New Vision of the Atlantic and Sharing of the Seas                

Francisco Contente Domingues

 

1496 –Expulsion of the Jews: The Diaspora of the Diasporas                  

José Alberto Rodrigues da Silva Tavim

 

1498–1500 – Calicut and Porto Seguro: The Birth of Pluricontinentalism 

Edgar Cravo Bertrand Pereira

 

1502 – Asilah, Ceuta, Tangier and Ksar es–Seghir: Global Phenomenon of the Misericórdia Brotherhoods  

Isabel dos Guimarães Sá

 

1502 – The Cantino Planisphere: A Model of the World                          

Joaquim Alves Gaspar

 

1509 – Santarém Rice and the Globalisation of Food Products                            

Isabel Drumond Braga

 

1514 – A Religion for the World: Royal Patronage and a Pluricontinental Diocese

José Pedro Paiva

 

1517 – The Slave Revolt in São Tomé                                                     

Filipa Ribeiro da Silva

 

1519 – Ferdinand Magellan and the First Voyage Around the World                   

Rui Manuel Loureiro

 

1536 – The Inquisition Arrives in Portugal                                                          

Francisco Bethencourt

 

1540 – The Jesuits and the First Global Knowledge Database                                            

José Eduardo Franco

 

1541 – Mazagan: An Architectural Revolution                                       

Walter Rossa

 

1563 – Colóquios dos Simples, or the Globalisation of the Printing Press and Knowledge             

Palmira Fontes da Costa

 

1572 – Camões: Arms, Letters and the Clash of Civilisations                               

Diogo Ramada Curto

 

1580 – Union of Crowns, Union of the World                                         

Rafael Valladares

 

1582 – The Gregorian Calendar: Globalising the Measurement of Time               

Henrique Leitão and José Madruga Carvalho

 

1614 – The Scientific Revolution Reaches Asia                                       

Carlos Fiolhais

 

1640–1648 –The Luso-Spanish Split and the Westphalia Treaties: A Changed World Order?

Pedro Cardim

 

1645 – The Pernambucan Revolt and the Rejection of Globalism            

Bruno Miranda and Kleber Clementino

 

1680 – The Founding of Colonia del Sacramento                                    

Tamar Herzog

 

1703 – The Methuen Treaty                                                                 

Cátia Antunes and João Paulo Salvado

 

1717 – The Palace of Mafra, or a Global Vision of the Baroque                            

Luís de Moura Sobral

 

1727 – The Arrival of Freemasonry in Portugal                                       

António Ventura

 

1732 – Preoccupations of the Overseas Council: Decline of the Portuguese Diaspora in the World

Noelle Richardson

 

1755 – History and the Great Lisbon Earthquake                                   

Mariana Françozo

 

1756 – The Demarcation of the Port Wine Region                                              

Gaspar Martins Pereira

 

1759–1773 – The Suppression of the Society of Jesus                                        

José Vicente Serrão

 

1807 – The transfer of the Portuguese royal court to Brazil

Laura de Mello e Souza

 

 

Part V The Modern Period

 

Introduction to Part V — From the Independence of Brazil to Portuguese Global Emigration

António Costa Pinto                                                                             

 

1822 — Brazilian Independence: The Global and the Specific                               

Fernando Catroga

 

1823 — King Miguel and Miguelism      

Maria Alexandre Lousada

 

1834 — The Institutionalisation of Protestantism in Portugal                              

Timóteo Cavaco

 

1867 — Abolition of the Death Penalty                                                 

Rui de Figueiredo Marcos

 

1884 — Portugal at the Berlin Conference                                                         

Hugo Gonçalves Dores and Miguel Bandeira Jerónimo

 

1908 — The International Impact of the Regicide of Carlos the First       

Paulo Jorge Fernandes

 

1910 — The Republican Revolution                                                       

José Miguel Sardica

 

1911 — Holidays and Tourism: From Madeira to the Algarve                              

Alberto Vieira

 

1914 — Amadeo, the Delaunays and Modernism                                               

Joana Brites

 

1916 — Portugal and the Great War: Victory with a Taste of Defeat                   

Nuno Severiano Teixeira

 

1917 — Fátima, the Global Shrine                                                                     

Marco Daniel Duarte

 

1933 — Salazarism and the Interwar Dictatorships                                            

Rita Almeida de Carvalho

 

1934 — Cod: Global Connections within the National Myth                                

Álvaro Garrido

 

1940 — A Portuguese World on Display                                                

Annarita Gori

 

1949 — Egas Moniz, a Nobel Prizewinner who Founded a School           

Carlos Fiolhais

 

1949 — Portugal and NATO: Reencountering an Atlantic Option            

Nuno Severiano Teixeira

 

1955 — Portugal in the "World Parliament"                                                      

Fernando Martins

 

1961 — Portugal as Pariah State During the Late Colonial Wars                           

Bruno Cardoso Reis

 

1966 — Eusébio, Lusotropicalism and the Globalisation of Sporting Idols

Nuno Domingos

 

1974 — The 25th of April: Transition to Democracy                                

Maria Inácia Rezola

 

1986 — Portugal's Membership of the European Economic Community 

José Luís Cardoso

 

1988 — The Internationalisation of Portuguese Literature: Pessoa, Saramago and Lobo Antunes 

Onésimo Teotónio Almeida

 

2011 — Portuguese Emigration: Global Interconnections                                   

Rui Carita

 

 

The Editors and Contributors

 

Index


Review Quotes to Follow


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