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From Strangers to Citizens

The Integration of Immigrant Communities in Britain, Ireland and Colonial America, 1550–1750

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Between 1550 and 1750 tens of thousands of immigrants, many of them religious refugees escaping persecution on the Continent, settled in Britain and its colonies, and in Ireland. They brought with them their formidable energies and talents and quickly assimilated themselves into the host society. The essays range from general considerations of trends towards integration in the immigrant communities to detailed case-studies of the movement into British society of individual immigrants; from studies of popular attitudes and government policy towards the newcomers to examinations of relations within the immigrant communities themselves and their structures for self-sufficiency. The immigrants’ contributions to art, scholarship, manufacturing, theology and politics are also explored.

Published in association with the Huguenot Society of Great Britain & Ireland

Hardback ISBN: 978-1-902210-85-8
Hardback Price: £25.00 / $35.00
Release Date: September 2001
Paperback ISBN: 978-1-902210-86-5
Paperback Price: £25.00 / $35.00
Release Date: September 2001
Page Extent / Format: 400 pp. / 246 x 171 mm
Illustrated: Full colour plate section


Foreword by HRH The Prince of Wales
The Johannes a Lasco Library, Emden – a statement by
Dr Walter Schulz


Part I The foundation of the stranger churches and their early years

1 The Netherlandish presence in England before the coming of the stranger churches, 1480–1560
Raymond Fagel

2 Bringing Reformed theology to England’s ‘rude and symple people’: Jean Véron, minister and author outside the stranger church community
Carrie E. Euler

3 Discipline and integration: Jan Laski’s Church Order for the London Strangers’ Church
Christoph Strohm

4 Nicolas des Gallars and the Genevan connection of the stranger churches
Jeannine E. Olson

5 Acontius’s plea for tolerance
Aart de Groot

Part II The strangers and their churches in the late 16th and early 17th centuries

6 Europe in Britain: Protestant strangers and the English Reformation
Patrick Collinson

7 Protestant refugees in Elizabethan England and confessional conflict in France and the Netherlands, 1562–c.1610
D. J. B. Trim

8 Fictitious shoemakers, agitated weavers and the limits of popular xenophobia in Elizabethan London
Joseph P. Ward

9 The Dutch in Colchester in the 16th and 17th centuries: opposition and integration
Nigel Goose

10 ‘Mayntayninge the indigente and nedie’: the institutionalization of social responsiblity in the case of the resident alien communities in Elizabethan Norwich and Colchester
Laura Hunt Yungblut

11 Melting into the landscape: the story of the 17th-century Walloons in the Fens
Jean Tsushima

Part III Stranger craftsmen and artists

12 Insiders or outsiders? Overseas-born artists at the Jacobean court
Karen Hearn

13 A Dutch ‘stranger . . . on the make’: Sir Peter Lely and the critical fortunes of a foreign painter
Julia Marciari Alexander

14 Foreign artists and craftsmen and the introduction of the Rococo style in England
Christine Riding

15 The production and patronage of David Willaume, Huguenot merchant goldsmith
Eileen Goodway

16 Worthy of the monarch: immigrant craftsmen and the production of state beds, 1660–1714
Tessa Murdoch

17 Huguenot master weavers: exemplary Englishmen, 1700–c.1750
Natalie Rothstein

Part IV Immigrants and intellectual life in England

18 Immigrants in the DNB and British cultural horizons, 1550–1750: the merchant, the traveller, the lexicographer and the apologist
Vivienne Larminie

19 Maps, spiders, and tulips: the Cole–Ortelius–L’Obel family and the practice of science in early modern London
Deborah E. Harkness

20 The Huguenots and Medicine
Hugh Trevor-Roper

21 ‘That great and knowing virtuoso’: the French background and English refuge of Henri Justel
Geoffrey Treasure

22 Huguenot self-fashioning: Sir Jean Chardin and the rhetoric of travel and travel writing
S. Amanda Eurich

23 Jean-Théophile Desaguliers: d’une intégration réussie à l’Europe des savoirs
Pierre Boutin

24 Emanuel Mendes da Costa: constructing a career in science
Geoffrey Cantor

Part V The ‘Other’ in Protestant England: Jews, Muslims, Africans and Orthodox Christians in Britain

25 London’s Portuguese Jewish community, 1540–1753
Edgar Samuel

26 Embarrassing relations: myths and realities of the Ashkenazi influx, 1650–1750 and beyond
Michael Berkowitz

27 Slaves or free people? The status of Africans in England, 1550–1750
Peter D. Fraser

28 The first Turks and Moors in England
Nabil Matar

29 Greeks and ‘Grecians’ in London: the ‘other’ strangers
Claire S. Schen

30 Irish Jewry in the 17th and 18th centuries
Gordon M. Weiner

Part VI Non-British settlers in the British American colonies

31 Sephardic settlement in the British colonies of the Americas in the 17th and 18th centuries
Yitzchak Kerem

32 Dutch merchants and colonists in the English Chesapeake: trade, migration and nationality in 17th-century Maryland and Virginia
April Lee Hatfield

33 The Dutch in 17th-century New York City: minority or majority?
Joyce D. Goodfriend

34 Anglican conformity and nonconformity among the Huguenots of colonial New York
Paula Wheeler Carlo

35 Jacob Leisler and the Huguenot network in the English Atlantic world
David William Voorhees

36 From ethnicity to assimilation: the Huguenots and the American immigration history paradigm
Bertrand van Ruymbeke

37 Creating order in the American wilderness: state-church Germans without the state
Jeffrey Jaynes

Part VII The Huguenot immigration into England of the late 17th century

38 Rewriting the Church of England: Jean Durel, foreign Protestants and the polemics of Restoration Conformity
John McDonnell Hintermaier

39 Henry Compton, Bishop of London (1676–1714) and foreign Protestants
Sugiko Nishikawa

40 ‘An unruly and presumptuous rabble’: the reaction of the Spitalfields weaving community to the settlement of the Huguenots, 1660–90
Catherine Swindlehurst

41 Huguenot integration in late 17th- and 18th-century London: insights from records of the French Church and some relief agencies
Eileen Barrett

42 Huguenot thought after the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes: toleration, ‘Socinianism’, integration and Locke
John Marshall

43 The newspaper The Post Man and its editor, Jean Lespinasse de Fonvive
Itamar Raban

44 The birth of political consciousness among the Huguenot refugees and their descendants in England (c.1685–1750)
Myriam Yardeni

45 The Huguenots in Britain, the ‘Protestant International’ and the defeat of Louis XIV
Robin Gwynn

Part VIII Huguenots in Ireland

46 Elites and assimilation: the question of leadership within Dublin’s Corps du Refuge, 1662–1740
Raymond Pierre Hylton

47 Conditions et préparation de l’intégration: le voyage de Charles de Sailly en Irlande (1693) et le projet d’Edit d’accueil
Michelle Magdelaine

48 The integration of the Huguenots into the Irish Church: the case of Peter Drelincourt
Jane McKee

49 Good faith: the military and the ministry in exile, or the memoirs of Isaac Dumont de Bostaquet and Jaques Fontaine
Dianne Ressinger

50 Writing the self: Huguenot autobiography and the process of assimilation
Ruth Whelan

Part IX German and Huguenot immigrants in Britain and Ireland in the 18th century

51 The English reception of the Huguenots, Palatines and Salzburgers, 1680–1734: a comparative analysis
Alison Olson

52 The Naturalization Act of 1709 and the settlement of Germans in Britain, Ireland and the colonies
William O’Reilly

53 German immigrants and the London book trade, 1700–70
Graham Jefcoate

54 Naturalization and economic integration: the German merchant community in 18th-century London
Margrit Schulte Beerbühl

55 ‘A dearer country’: the Frenchness of the Rev. Jean de la Fléchère of Madeley, a Methodist Church of England vicar
Peter Forsaith

56 Archbishop Thomas Secker (1693–1768), Anglican identity and relations with foreign Protestants in the mid-18th century
Robert Ingram

57 What’s in a name?: self-identifications of Huguenot réfugiées in 18th-century England
Carolyn Lougee Chappell


Even those of us who rejoice in the multicultural character of today’s United Kingdom often forget that this character – and our tradition of tolerance, of which the British can be proud – are not new phenomena. It helps to be reminded that today’s waves of refugees are only the latest of many; our understanding of contemporary opportunities and challenges, in this area as in so many others, can be enormously enhanced by a better grasp of our own history.
From the Foreword by HRH The Prince of Wales

There is much in this volume that is arresting and new even to those well versed in the main narrative of the sixteenth and seventeenth century religious immigration. It is a fitting monument to a movement of a peoples that has shaped our cultural and intellectual heritage in extraordinarily rich and diverse ways.
English Historical Review

This valuable collection of essays has enriched the existing literature on immigration into Briain in the early modern period. With its extensive coverage of the topics, periods and areas, it is a useful reference work and has a great deal to offer both to specialists and the general public.
Local Population Studies

The Huguenot Society of Great Britain should be praised for its considerable efforts in organizing this important symposium… excellent contributions from Patrick Collinson, Jeannine E. Olson, Hugh Trevor-Roper, and J. B. Trim to mention but a few. Albion

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