This page was last updated February 17, 2017     
 


  Home
The Press
Resources
Publishing your book with SAP
  Authors
Booksellers
eCatalogue
Contact Us
Title/Author Index
Rights & Permissions
eBooks
Paperback on-Demand


Browse Subject

Archaeology
Art History
Biography
Cultural & Social Studies
Economics & Management
Education
Geography, Environment & Migration
History
Jewish Studies
Latin American Studies
Library Studies
Literary Criticism & Linguistics
Middle East Studies
Musicology
Philosophy
Politics, Media & IR
Psychology & Psychotherapy
Theatre & Drama
Theology & Religion
Women’s Studies
  Alpha Press
Libraries of Study
 

Asian & Asian American Studies
Contemporary Spanish Studies
Critical Inventions
Critical Voices
Demographic Developments
First Nations & Colonial Encounter
Latin American Library
Peace Politics in the Middle East
Portuguese-Speaking World
Religious Beliefs & Practices
Spanish History
Spirituality in Education

 
 
     
  You are in: Home > History > Mexico and the Spanish Civil War  
 

Mexico and the Spanish Civil War
Domestic Politics and the Republican Cause

Mario Ojeda Revah


In the Series

Studies in Spanish History


Mario Ojeda Revah is Research Fellow at the Centre for Research on Latin America and the Caribbean of the National University of Mexico (CIALC–UNAM). He is also Professor at the School of Political Science of the National University of Mexico (UNAM), and has taught at the Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México and Universidad de las Américas. He was Associate Professor and Faculty member at the Saint Louis University, Madrid Campus (2006/2011). He is the author of México y la Guerra Civil (2005); La Revolución Mexicana (2006); and co-author of Iconografía de Lázaro Cárdenas (2007) and México: Mirando hacia dentro, 1930/1960 (2012).

 

Based on first-hand diplomatic, political and journalistic sources, most unpublished, Mexico and the Spanish Civil War investigates the backing of the Second Republic by Mexico during the Spanish Civil War. Significant military, material and financial aid was given by the government of Lázaro Cárdenas (1934–1940) to the Republic, which involved not only direct sales of arms, but also smuggling operations covertly undertaken by Mexican diplomatic agents in order to circumvent the embargo imposed by the London Committee of Non Intervention.

This path-breaking account reveals the operations in Spain of Mexican workers, soldiers, artists and intellectuals – such as later Nobel Laureate Octavio Paz and the Muralist David Alfaro Siqueiros – as volunteers and propagandists for the Republican cause. Engagement with the Spanish Civil War also had a profound impact upon Mexico’s domestic politics as support for the Republic was equated by Cárdenas with his own revolutionary project. The defeat of the Republic in 1939 therefore had far-reaching repercussions for the post-1940 governments. Originally published to critical acclaim in Spanish, the work has been quoted and reviewed by many leading specialists on the Civil War, including Anthony Beevor, Ángel Viñas, Santos Juliá, and Pedro Pérez Herrero. This book is essential reading for students and scholars specializing in contemporary European history and politics, Latin American studies, and all those with an interest in the Spanish Civil War and the Mexican Revolution.



Acknowledgements
Introduction

Chapter 1: SPANISH–MEXICAN RELATIONS 1821–1931: AN OVERVIEW
Intellectuals and Diplomats
Spain and the Mexican Revolution
The Mexican Religious Conflict and Spain
Hispanismo and the Exaltation of the Indian by the Mexican Revolution

Chapter 2: MEXICAN RELATIONS WITH REPUBLICAN SPAIN PRIOR TO THE CIVIL WAR (1931–36)

Chapter 3: MEXICO AND THE SPANISH CIVIL WAR: MATERIAL AID AND DIPLOMATIC SOLIDARITY
Mexico on the Eve of the Spanish Civil War: A Recapitulation
The Spanish War
The Spanish Embassy in Mexico
The Decision to Aid the Republic
Further Instances of Support
Spanish Responses to Mexican Solidarity
The Mexican Embassy in Madrid
The Refugee Crisis
Communists against Cárdenas
Mexican Oil Expropriation, Spain, and the Impending World War

Chapter 4: MEXICAN ARMS FOR REPUBLICAN SPAIN
Open Engagement: The Expedition of the Magallanes
International Reactions to Mexican Involvement in the Spanish War
Miscellaneous Shipments
Transhipment of American Aircraft through Mexico
Failed Expectations: The Journey of the Mar Cantábrico
The Czech Connection
The Mexican Legation in Paris: Procurer of Arms for Spain

Chapter 5: MEXICANS IN SPAIN: VOLUNTEERS AND PROPAGANDISTS
Mexican Writers and Artists Against Fascism
Opposite Engagements: Andrés Iduarte and Carlos Pereyra
Mexican Combatants on the Spanish Fronts
Mexicans in the Francoist Ranks

Chapter 6: DOMESTIC REPERCUSSIONS OF THE WAR
Armed Militias in Mexico
The Spanish Community and the Rebellion
The Cedillo Rebellion: A Mexican Franco?
In Search of the Mexican Popular Front (PRM): The Party of the Mexican Revolution
The Falange in Mexico
The Mexican Right and Franco’s Crusade
Women’s Suffrage in Mexico and the Spanish War
The Mexican Press and the Francoist Uprising
The Mexican Catholic Church and the Spanish Crusade
The Economic Elite

Chapter 7: THE REPUBLIC’S DOWNFALL AND ITS EFFECTS ON THE MEXICAN REVOLUTION
Defeat and Exodus
Change of Course: Franco’s Victory and the Decline of Cardenismo
The Protection of Spanish Refugees in Vichy and Occupied France
The Presidential Election of 1940
Mexico and Spain 1945–77: From Enduring Hostility to Final Reconciliation

Conclusions
Bibliography
Index


Sussex Studies in Spanish History are important critical contributions; many of them are devoted to the Spanish Civil War of 1936-39. Although an extraordinary number of studies have explored and explained that event, the involvement of Mexico—the only country apart from the Soviet Union to provide active support for the beleaguered Spanish Republic—has warranted only modest inquiry. Weak and remote, Mexico could do little to affect the outcome of the conflict. Beyond propaganda, shipment of guns, and pleas in diplomatic settings, little was at its disposal. But Mexico’s government, led by Lázaro Cárdenas from 1934 to 1940, spoke loudly and frequently about the rightness of the Republican cause. Mexico’s actions are often explained as the result of ideological excess or vapid romantic notions. Ojeda Revah (political science, National Univ. of Mexico) thinks otherwise, and argues forcefully that Cárdenas’s support for the Spanish Republic had everything to do with his challenge to the Mexican Right and his fear that the Mexican military might try to seize power, in the fashion of Franco in Spain. A very solid and persuasive account in seven chapters, with a superb bibliography and extensive notes. Highly recommended.
CHOICE
, N. Greene, Wesleyan University

Ojeda Revah has succeeded in his goal of presenting an extensive overview of Mexican involvement in the Spanish Civil War. However, there still remain gaps to fill in this Mexican connection, for instance in the role Mexican representatives had in the international weapon trade circuit on behalf of the Spanish government. The question is however, if it would be possible after all these years to fill these gaps. For now though, Mario Ojeda Revah has provided us with a very worthwhile study of the Mexican role in the Spanish Civil War, a little known subject among historians of the Spanish Civil War. They now don’t have an excuse anymore for not having taken note of this side of the war in Spain.
Wouter van Dijk, writing in Heriditas Nexus

Reviewed in Hispanic American Historical Review, Autumn 2016

 

Publication Details

 
Hardback ISBN:
978-1-84519-666-0
 
Paperback ISBN:
978-1-84519-772-8
 
Page Extent / Format:
272 pp. / 229 x 152 mm
 
Release Date:
Hardback, October 2014; Paperback, April 2016
  Illustrated:   Yes
 
Hardback Price:
£60.00 / $74.95
 
Paperback Price:
£25.00 / $34.95
 

ordtop
 
Order Item
 
 

This book can be ordered online or by telephone.

 
 

For the UK and Rest of the World:
Gazelle Book Services

tel. 44 (0)1524-528500

 
gazelle

For the United States, Canada,South America and Asia:
Independent Publishers Group of Chicago

tel.  (1) 800 888 4741

ipg
ordbot
ordtop
 
Order an
e-book
 
 

From the UK

MobiPocket [Kindle] is available on amazon.co.uk

ePub and PDF can be purchased from
ebook-US below

 

From the US and Rest
of the World


MobiPocket [Kindle],
ePub, and PDF

US eBook
ordbot

 

 

© 2016 Sussex Academic Press   |   Disclaimer