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The Quest for Survival After Franco

Moderate Francoism and the Slow Journey to the Polls, 1964–1977

Author Text to Follow

This book engages with a central yet hitherto neglected dimension of the transition to democracy in Spain. It examines the emergence and development of Moderate Francoism from 1964, the year when the Law of Associations was introduced, until 1977, the year of the first democratic elections. The role of the reformists was one of the factors that made possible the dismantling of the dictatorship and was of crucial importance in making possible a bloodless transition to democracy. They acted as a bridge between the regime hardliners and the democratic opposition, paving the way for King Juan Carlos to implement the 1976 Reform Law that swept away the structures of Francoism.

Published in association with the Cañada Blanch Centre for Contemporary Spanish Studies

Hardback ISBN: 978-1-903900-38-3
Hardback Price: £49.95 / $69.50
Release Date: February 2004
Paperback ISBN: 978-1-84519-123-8
Paperback Price: £25.00 / $32.50
Release Date: February 2004
Page Extent / Format: 227 pp. / 229 x 152 mm
Illustrated: No


Series Editors’ Preface
List of Abbreviations

1. The Historical Background
2. The “Theoretical” Right of Association, 1964–1967
3. The Myth of Political Associations, 1967–1969
4. The Positioning of the Reformists, 1969–1973

Part I: Manuel Fraga as Pioneer
5. The Positioning of the Reformists, 1969–1973

Part II: Juan Carlos as Catalyst

6. The Beginning of a Long End, 1973–1976
7. From Dictatorship to Democracy, 1976–1977



A well-researched political history of Spain’s elites in the years leading to the country’s successful transition from authoritarian Francoism to the birth of democracy. One especially pleasing feature is Palomares’s practice of including important translated terminology in the original Spanish. A major contribution of this book is how it closely traces how the seemingly moderate Manuel Fraga launched initial reforms toward liberalization but later found the conservative Alianza. Liberal reforms leading to democracy would be left up to Adolfo Suárez and King Juan Carlos I, whose contributions and relationship are also examined. Recommended.

The book provides a good overview of the transition and there is an interesting analysis of major events. The author also uses good primary and secondary sources.
Political Studies Review

Palomares provides an even-handed overview of the role of reformist Francoists during this critical moment in Spanish history.
American Historical Review

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