Excellence in Scholarship and Learning
Ireland’s Huguenots and Their Refuge
An Unlikely Haven
Raymond Pierre Hylton is Associate Professor of History at Virginia Union University, Richmond, Virginia. He has lectured and studied at University College, Dublin, and is the recipient winner of the National Huguenot Society Publishing Award for 1987.
Of the 200,000-odd Huguenots whose consciences
compelled them to leave France during the 17th–18th centuries,
some 10,000 chose to settle in that most unlikely of refuges –
Ireland. The story of why and how these most ardent of Protestant
believers found themselves in this most fervently Catholic of islands
is one of history’s great paradoxes.This book explores this
question and attempts to reveal precisely who these Huguenots were,
what they contributed to and received from their adopted land, and
why Huguenot ancestry is so respected and prized even among devout
The true chronicle of Ireland’s Huguenots is, in opposition to the narrow misrepresentations of the past, one of extraordinary richness and variety, as befits an ethnic group whose influence permeated into every nook of Irish life and society. Here are some of the towering personalities that left such an imprint on Ireland’s history, character and heritage: Henri, Earl of Galway; warrior turned financial tycoon David Digues Latouche; the scholar/librarian Elie Bouhereau; and many other greater and lesser luminaries.
|Hardback Price:||£55.00 / $69.50|
|Release Date:||May 2005|
|Paperback Price:||£25.00 / $39.95|
|Release Date:||September 2013|
|Page Extent / Format:||240 pp. / 229 x 152 mm|
List of Illustrations
Prologue Lines in Ink
Introduction The French Non-Connection, Pre-Ormondite Huguenots, c.1569–1661
Part I The Ormondite Refuges
1 The Early Ormondite Refuge, 1662–1680
2 The Late Ormondite Refuge, 1681–1691
3 The Ormondite Years in Perspective, 1662–1691
Part II The Ruvignac Refuges
4 “Fortress Ireland”: The Linchpin – Portarlington's Saga, 1692–1720
5 “Fortress Ireland”: The Dublin Core, 1692–1745
6 “Fortress Ireland”: The Hinterlands: Lingering Questions
Part III Unfulfilled Refuge?
7 Matters of Faith and Politics
Epilogue Legends and Facts
Hylton offers new insights into Ireland’s Huguenot settlements, providing in many cases new data on Irish Huguenot families and their function within Irish society.
Hylton highlights the key issues that hindered the development of a cohesive Huguenot community in Ireland … He renders a valuable service by situating Ireland’s Huguenot refugees within a wider context. The text elegantly summarizes the period in Huguenot history before the revocation of the Edict of Nantes and traces how conflicts between politique and zealot Huguenots had far-reaching consequences for the refugees in Ireland … He also provides helpful miniature biographies of many of the key ecclesiastical and political actors within the French community and those within the Irish establishment who rendered them aid. Hylton’s care in recounting these incidents along with his detailing of the Huguenot role in the Protestant ascendancy in Ireland ensure that both specialist and nonspecialist readers can glean important insight from the text. Hylton’s work also demonstrates that genealogical interests can coexist with the concerns of professional historians.
The Journal of British Studies
Hylton’s study has two distinct
merits. First, he has combed through archival sources, identifying
individuals, tracing their trades, social status, and family affiliations,
and attempting to assess their contribution to Irish social and
economic history. Second, he correctly argues that the three successive
waves of Huguenot immigration into Ireland were distinct. The incentives
offered in 1662 by the ‘act for encouraging protestant-strangers
and others, to inhabit and plant in the kingdom of Ireland’
attracted some two hundred French Protestants to Ireland; but they,
like the Flemish weavers who also came at this time, were economic
migrants rather than refugees… Hylton deserves credit for
debunking many of the myths that surround the Huguenot presence
The International History Review
The Huguenot communities in Ireland
have long attracted interest. In particular, three investigators
– Grace Lawless Lee, Albert Carré and T.P. Le Fanu
– laid sturdy foundations of evidence and interpretation.
Raymond Hylton’s study, while generous in its acknowledgement
of the pioneers, goes far beyond them. So far as the sources are
concerned, it is unlikely that much will come to light to modify
his authoritative account of the successive stages of the settlements
in Ireland. Possibly the archives of particular families of Huguenot
origin will yield new information.
... Dr Hylton’s account, originating in a doctoral dissertation, will now achieve the wider circulation that it deserves. The author shows an impressive mastery of the detail and the contexts in his painstaking treatment. In essence, he identifies three phases. In the earliest, French Protestants were welcomed into Ireland, thanks to the patronage of the first Duke of Ormond and other Irish Protestant landowners. These patrons were motivated by feelings of solidarity with fellow Protestants and by hopes of economic gains. Already the specialized skills and commercial contacts of the French immigrants were appreciated. Next, in the 1680s came a second, larger influx: the result of the dragonnades and the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes. Finally, more were drawn into Ireland following William III’s victories. Dublin remained a magnet. In addition, the inland town of Portarlington and other provincial outposts attracted immigrants, among whom veterans from the army were prominent. The provincial settlements were conceived as military bastions against possible Catholic invasion. Dr Hylton suggests a total of between 8,000 and 10,000 Huguenots in early 18th-century Ireland, about half of whom lived in Dublin. Portarlington may have contained 650, with sizeable communities in Cork, Lisburn and Waterford.
This is the fullest and most judicious account of the refuge in Ireland.
Proceedings of The Huguenot Society
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